Contemporary aviation operators have access to information that their predecessors did not.Data streams such as those from the line operations safety audit (LOSA), aviation safety action program (ASAP), flight operational quality assurance (FOQA)/flight data monitoring (FDM), and U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) allow many errors in different phases of flight to be carefully scrutinized, categorized and analyzed. Many organizations have a data collection and analysis system to document these anomalies. A great deal of information on the various types of errors and where they occur is now well known and documented. One conclusion emerging from this wealth of information is the importance of effective flight path monitoring (EFPM) in a safe operation. Monitoring is something that flight crews must use to help them identify, prevent and mitigate events that may impact safety margins.
Participants at the first Human Factors Aviation Industry Roundtable meeting in 2012 were concerned that while the aviation accident/incident rates are at their historically lowest levels, too many events (for example, the crash of Colgan Air Flight 34073) involved ineffective monitoring as a factor. The result of the meeting was the creation of the Active Pilot Monitoring Working Group (WG), tasked with studying the issue and creating practical guidelines intended for use by aviation managers to improve the effectiveness of monitoring. The result of this effort is this “Practical Guide for Improving Flight Path Monitoring.”http://flightsafety.org/current-safety-initiatives/flight-path-monitoring